Dog Health

Bone Cancer in Canines

Osteosarcoma simply known as bone cancer is a disease that treatment and prognosis has improved much in times of recent. Every day veterinarians are improving there methods of treating this form of cancer.

Dog ArticlesCommonly osteosarcoma occurs only in large-breed dogs that are aged seven years or older. Osteosarcoma may be connected with a formerly healed fracture It has been suggested that there is a link between chronic pain and the establishment of malignant cell growth.

Infrequent lameness is common in the beginnings of the disease. As the disease furthers the lameness becomes much more noticeable and more regular. The limbs are rather painful and may fracture suddenly because the bones are very weak.

75% of osteosarcomas occur in the long bones of the skeleton mainly the limbs. Sadly the treatment of preference in this circumstance is removal of the limb. This does remove the osteosarcoma from the bones; the cancer can spread easily to the lungs. The normal survival time with removal is 3-5 months.

This is always bad news. However the tumors in the lungs generally respond well to chemotherapy drug treatment. This will increase the chance of survival for the dog, and improve its survival time.

The dog’s life after healing is typically improved than before treatment. This is due to the chemotherapy reducing much of the pain in the legs.

After chemotherapy drug treatment dogs tend to live up to one year, with 20-30% living past one year.

Dogs and Epilepsy

Dogs EpilepsyEpilepsy is a situation that can concern any breed of dog but it appears that there is an elevated occurrence in pure breed dogs than those of any size, than in mixed.

One of the main symptoms of epilepsy is seizures. They are categorized as below:

  • Intracranial epilepsy is caused by occurrence in the brain (e.g. Tumor)
  • Extra cranial epilepsy is caused by metabolic changes.
  • Idiopathic epilepsy is of an unknown cause.

Fits in dogs that are less than one year of age are probably caused by congenital/genetic problems, infections, or toxins. A dog that is six years old or older, is expected to have tumors that cause the seizures. The last category is dogs between 1-5 years old, this is an unknown cause

Epilepsy is an irregularity in a neuron that causes an anomalous neurologic excitation that then moves around to the whole brain.

A treatment does not cure dogs from epilepsy. Its goal is to control the seizures. If epilepsy is untreated the symptoms generally get worse.

Generally the first treatment for epilepsy is a barbiturate. This drug has an anti-seizuring effect and can be used to treat dogs over the long term. The next step is a drug called potassium bromide. This drug does not have FDA approval.

Heart Failure in Dogs

Congestive heart failure (CHF – acronym) is a intricate and somber condition is the heart’s incapability to function usually, ultimately leading to too much preservation of water and salt causing fluid increase in the lungs.

DogsDogs that have this condition frequently have a heart murmur. Not every single dog that has a heart murmurs will develop congestive heart failure. However if the valve difficulty grows, it will generally leak and blood will pour back through the heart. Sadly the heart will not operate normally and liquid will build up in the lungs or the front. In retorting, the kidney will keep hold of water and salt, worsening the problem.

The signs that your dog may have congestive heart failure include:

  • exercise intolerance
  • labored breathing
  • Frequent coughing

Always bring your dog for a yearly check up. This will mean that veterinarian will follow up on any irregular conclusions.

Once a dog has developed congestive heart failure the estimated life expectancy of that dog can range for anywhere from six months and several years, and treated dogs will live longer than those dogs that are untreated.

Always remember that the deterioration of the valves in the heart is a ordinary aging change in dogs of small breeds. In final, the occurrence of a heart murmur does not essentially point towards congestive heart failure.

Dogs and Lyme Disease

Dog TrainingLyme disease, also known as Lyme borreliosis is one of the most widespread tick-borne diseases in the modern world. It is one of the quickest spreading transmittable diseases in the US.

The first known case in the US was in the town of Old Lyme, Connecticut in 1975. Lyme disease is a bacterial virus. It is nearly all the time obtained from the bite of an infected Ixodes tick. Lyme disease in Europe is caused by a different strain.

The disease differs extensively in its symptoms. These can include a rash, flu-like symptoms, neurologic, arthritic and cardiac manifestations. Untimely discovery and without delay antibiotic management (usually the first eight weeks of contamination) more often than not produces an excellent forecast for the dog. However some dogs may retain the symptoms.

Late or an insufficient cure may escalate to a chronic illness that is hindering and hard to treat. In the midst of great debate over diagnosis, testing and treatment, there are now today two different ways to care for dogs affected by Lyme disease.

Symptoms in dogs include:

  • fever
  • lose of appetite
  • sore joints
  • stiff walk
  • lameness that can move from one leg to another

Lyme disease reacts within two days to the treatment by means of antibiotics, but the dog must be kept on the medication for 2-4 weeks to make sure full recovery.

Current preventives include tick dips and sprays. A word of warning, the collars only protect the head and neck.

Fungal Disease (Blastomycosis) In Dogs

dog healthBlastomycosis

Blastomycosis is a fungal disease that is caused by Blastomyces dermatitidis spongiform. It happens mainly in humans and dogs. Earth damp with macrobiotic substance is a perfect decaying place for this fungus. Many of these cases have actually been documented in the region of the Mississippi River system and the Great Lakes.

It is more susceptible to the following breeds of dogs:

  • Retrievers
  • Beagles
  • Hunting dogs are above all vulnerable to becoming contaminated, due to there outdoor activities.

The fungus lives in the soil close to waterways. This organism can be breathed in which infects they lungs. It can also through open cuts.

Symptoms can include:

  • weight loss
  • loss of muscle tone
  • chronic cough
  • shortness of breath
  • skin lesions

Other issues can include:

-eye problems- redness, pain, swelling, extreme tearing, clouding of the corneas, and, in a number of cases even blindness.

There is little possibility for recovery without medication. If the treatment does occur in the earlier stages, the symptoms and damage can be minimized.

Some dogs will have an autoimmune response to the disease; sadly these dogs have a dramatically reduced chance of living. Blastomycosis can remain even after treatments and stay inactive. The chance of it reappearing is quite small.

Generally humans cannot be infected from there dog, even though it is both a human and dog disease. There is currently no vaccine to guard your dog from blastomycosis. The only know protection is staying away from hotspot areas.

Dogs and Kidney Failure

dog trainingChronic renal failure is the major reason for renal failure in dogs. Although the condition gets worse with time there needs to be care for the dog and medication can help your dog feel itself. Chronic renal failure can be there at the beginning, hereditary, obtained, or can be of a mysterious cause.

Early signs that may indicate chronic renal failure include:

  • weight loss
  • poor coat condition
  • lack of fluids
  • weariness

The kidney carries out a lot of vital and varied jobs in the dog. The kidney’s role is to maintain the correct quantity of water in the dog. To carry out its job it sends signals to the brain to help it recognize thirst, and if the dog drinks too much, it gets rid of it as soon as possible.

When the kidney becomes diseased the problems are felt all throughout the body. If chronic kidney failure is left unfixed, the common symptoms are vomiting and diarrhea. Other symptoms include irregular amounts of calcium and pH of the blood.

Treatment of chronic kidney failure in dogs is trying to make the kidney’s vital job that little bit easier.

Treatment of this disorder typically includes:

  • IV fluid therapy
  • potassium supplementation,
  • special diets for kidney

The veterinarian can offer many options to help fight some of the issues that caused by chronic renal failure and to help your dog feel normal.

Glaucoma in Dogs

Dog ArticlesGlaucoma in humans usually advances gradually and almost always is trapped early. If dogs are not treated for glaucoma immediately, blindness can occur.

It is difficult to know that there’s anything wrong in dogs. It is usually only noticed by owners when there eyes are actually in bad shape.

Glaucoma is a common reason of blindness in equally humans and dogs. The liquid in the eye, known technically as the aqueous humor, flows within the eye and leaves through an extraordinary drain. However troubles start if this special drain gets clogged. This causes force in the eye to occur. This is when the retina and optic nerve can receive considerable damage, resulting in blindness.

Diagnosing glaucoma begins with what is called a tonometer. This measures the pressure of the eye. If the pressure is in fact elevated then emergency surgery may need to take place immediately.

There are actually two types of glaucoma. They are both primary and secondary.

Secondary glaucoma is when an object is actually clogging the drain. This requires the removal of it, to fix the glaucoma.

In dogs primary glaucoma is hereditary, and the most common glaucoma found to occur. Certain breeds of dogs are more common to suffer from glaucoma. These breeds need a yearly examination to assure that they are not suffering from the early stages of glaucoma.

These include:

  • cocker spaniel
  • terrier breeds
  • basset hound
  • beagle
  • Norwegian elkhound
  • Serbian husky

These breeds mean that it actually takes a smaller amount of internal pressure to cause injury to the eye, than to another normal dog.

Bladder Stones in Dogs

DogsUrinary tract infections are an extremely painful problem for humans and canines. In dogs urinary tract infections can lead to bladder stones, which can both start and help illness in the bladder.

Dogs can get urinary tract infections; cats have a much higher chance of the illness afflicting them

Dogs are more often than not housebroken and for this reason they go outside, the owner is more likely to become aware of a urinary problem. The dog owner might become aware of straining or blood in the urine of there dog.

Urinary tract infections can be caused by a huge number of issues; it is frequently tricky to find out the reason. The source of an infection might be as easy as a growth of bacteria or as complex and difficult as bladder stones.

The development of a bladder stone is incredibly similar to the formation of a pearl in an oyster. In dogs it is frequently caused from a single irritating particle called the nidus. This is a tiny particle that could for example, be a bacteria. Minerals begin to be deposited on its exterior, and over a given amount of time it begins to grow bigger and can become very exasperating to the inside layer of the bladder.

The single action for some stones is surgical elimination. This removed stones can and should be studied so that a régime can be completed to steer clear of the reappearance of stones in the future. Prevention can include medication or an altered diet.

Hypothyroidism in dogs

Dog articlesHypothyroidism is a disease that afflicts both humans and dogs. However in dogs it usually occurs in middle aged females dogs. Dogs that are prone to it include:

  • Cocker spaniels
  • Golden and Labrador retrievers
  • Dachshunds
  • Doberman pinscher

The hormone called T4 which is created by the thyroid gland. This has a vital part in monitoring growth and metabolism. Lack of this hormone which is known as hypothyroidism, can have affects such as obesity, diminished energy and a poor coat.

Sadly canine hypothyroidism is often misdiagnosed, and is actually not that common. There is no way to test for canine hypothyroidism so it is difficult to determine if a dog has this disorder.

Some of the blood disorder issues cause by decreased T4 can also be the symptoms of other issues, another reason why this illness is misdiagnosed.

A precise finding without a live skin sample needs a skilled clinician to unite information from the dog’s history and an examination of the dog. Treating a dog without canine hypothyroidism can lead to consequences that are not known today.

Treat of canine hypothyroidism is a straightforward and reasonably priced disorder to treat. Canines are currently treated with exactly the same orally given, artificial strain of T4 that humans are given. This form healing is extremely successful. After treatment the dog has its energy regained with no long term side effects.

Canine Influenza

dog training articlesCanine influenza also knows as the dog flu is a common that refers to strains of the Influenza virus A that generate influenza in canines and are widespread disease. This is a highly infectious equine influenza virus, with the name of H3N8. It has been involved in the infect Greyhound race dogs that had suffered and died from a respiratory sickness at a Florida racetrack in January 2004.

It is believed that the dogs caught it and transferred it from the horse racing tracks, the same place where dog racing also happens. Canine Influenza is also accountable for a huge dog flu epidemic in New York State, which affected all breeds of dogs.

From the months of January to May 2005, there were outbreaks that occurred at about twenty racetracks in ten states throughout the United States. There seems to be a major outbreak of canine influenza throughout the United States and as of August 2006 the dog flu has been documents in twenty-two U.S. states. This also includes pet dogs in five states, including Hawaii.

As of current information there is no proof that the virus can contaminate humans.

Of the infected dogs:

  • Eight per cent of contaminated dogs have mild symptoms.
  • The fatality rate for Greyhounds near the beginning was about 5-8%.

The incubation period is 2-5 days and the symptoms occur after about 7-10 days. Mild symptoms include a cough that is possible to last for 10-30 days and occasionally nasal discharge. Dogs will usually die from pneumonia.